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Homeless Education Research

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NCHE Resources

Abstract Bibliography of Homeless Education Resources: 2013
Beginning in 2004, the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) has published an annual bibliography featuring resources that address various issues related to the education and lives of homeless children, youth, and families. The bibliography is intended to inform, educate, and empower those who serve at-risk children, youth, and families, especially those who are homeless and/or highly mobile. This edition includes items published in 2013 that are listed topically for easy reference. The list is not exhaustive but does represent a cross-section of materials available. Publications from NCHE including issue briefs, research summaries and data collection reports are detailed. The bibliography also references products issued by related Federal agencies and organizations on homeless families, children and youth as well as scholarly articles and studies
Download the Abstract Bibliography of Homeless Education Resources: 2013.

NCHE Mobility Study Bibliography
This NCHE bibliography, updated in September 2011, provides a comprehensive listing of research studies addressing the issue of mobility and its effects on a child's or youth's education.
Download the NCHE Mobility Study Bibliography

Research Summary: Resilience and At-risk Children and Youth
This NCHE publication provides an overview of research on resilience as it relates to counteracting risk in at-risk children and youth, including children and youth experiencing homelessness. The concept of resilience has received increased attention recently in a growing body of literature that has reported not only the psychological and academic impacts of homelessness, but also has highlighted ways to strengthen the resilience of children and youth experiencing homelessness.
Download Resilience and At-risk Children and Youth.

Research Summary: Supporting Homeless Children and Youth through Proactive and Positive Behavior Management and Intervention Practices
This NCHE research summary reviews and provides a general appraisal of selected proactive behavior intervention and management practices prevalent in current educational literature. The examples of current practice and models explored include Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), Responsive Classroom (RC), Response to Intervention (RTI), Character Education (CE), and other selected classroom behavior management practices appropriate for both the individual classroom and the whole school community. The summary seeks to equip teachers, school administrators, and practitioners with promising strategies to support students in homeless situations.
Download Supporting Homeless Children and Youth through Proactive and Positive Behavior Management and Intervention Practices.

Research Summary: Teaching and Classroom Strategies for Homeless and Highly Mobile Students
The National Center for Homeless Education provides an annual summary of research on an emerging topic related to educating homeless and highly mobile students. The 2012 research summary, regarding academic resilience in homeless students, prompted readers to ask for more effective strategies to assist students in the classroom. In response to these requests, this research summary examines peer-reviewed research conducted between 2002 and 2013, cross-referencing the topics of homeless and/or highly mobile student with teaching, learning, classroom, or school.
Download the summary.

School Stability and School Performance: A Review of the Literature
This literature review was developed as part of an unpublished study conducted in 2004 by Dr. Beth Garriss Hardy and Dr. Cheryl Vrooman. The review examines the current body of research on mobility and how it may apply to the school performance of children and youth experiencing homelessness and makes recommendations for further research.
Download School Stability and School Performance: A Review of the Literature

Summary of the State of Research on the Relationship Between Homelessness and Academic Achievement Among School-Aged Children and Youth
This publication provides an overview of research that studies the relationship between homelessness and academic achievement among school-aged children and youth in the United States. For readers interested in conducting research on the education of homeless children and youth, this publication (1) provides context on child, youth, and family homelessness from the late 1980s to the present; (2) summarizes policies and practices that link homeless children and youth to educational supports and services; (3) provides an overview of selected research studies that examine the relationship between homelessness and academic achievement; (4) describes commonly utilized methodologies and challenges in conducting research on homeless and highly mobile populations; and (5) offers direction for further research.
Download Summary of the State of Research on the Relationship Between Homelessness and Academic Achievement Among School-Aged Children and Youth.

Unaccompanied and Homeless Youth Review of Literature (1995-2005)
This review is based on literature published between 1995 and 2005 on issues concerning unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness. It provides an overview of the challenges these young people face and includes research about why they leave their homes, how they live after leaving, and what interventions are being used to assist them
Download Unaccompanied and Homeless Youth Review of Literature (1995-2005).


Other Resources

Academic Achievement Trajectories of Homeless and Highly Mobile Students: Resilience in the Context of Chronic and Acute Risk
This article, featured in the Child Development journal, examines academic achievement data across third through eighth grades (N = 26,474), comparing students identified as homeless or highly mobile (HHM) with other students in the federal free meal program (FM), reduced price meals (RM), or neither (General). Achievement was lower as a function of rising risk status (General > RM > FM > HHM). Achievement gaps appeared stable or widened between HHM students and lower risk groups. Math and reading achievement were lower, and growth in math was slower in years of HHM identification, suggesting acute consequences of residential instability. Nonetheless, 45% of HHM students scored within or above the average range, suggesting academic resilience. Results underscore the need for research on risk and resilience processes among HHM students to address achievement disparities.
Download the article.

Educating Homeless Children in Chicago: A Case Study of Children in the Family Regeneration Program
This report from Chapin Hall highlights the results of a study that examined the educational needs of a group of homeless children in the Chicago Public Schools. The research involved both qualitative interviews with key informants familiar with the problems facing homeless families with children in Chicago and quantitative analyses of administrative data from Chicago Public Schools and Inner Voice, an agency that provides services to chronically homeless families. Generally speaking, the educational experiences of these children were characterized by high levels of school mobility, academic difficulties, and special education needs. The implications of these findings for how public schools and homeless shelters can work together to better address the educational needs of homeless children are discussed.
Download the report.

Examination of Residential Instability and Homelessness Among Young Children
Analyzing data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a nationally representative sample of approximately 5,000 births between 1998 and 2000 in 20 large United States cities, this report from the Institute for Children and Poverty examines young children's experiences with homelessness and its effects on their development and well-being.
Download the report.

Frequent Residential Mobility and Young Children's Well-Being
In this study, Child Trends examines a group of children younger than six who have experienced five or more moves using nationally representative data from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health. They aim to understand some of the particular demographic characteristics of this group of frequent movers, as well as to see whether these children were more likely to have poor physical and/or mental health than similar children who did not experience frequent moves.
Download the study.

Homeless Education Bibliography of Resources (Revised Fall 2006)
This bibliography from Project HOPE, the Virginia Education for Homeless Children and Youths program, provides a listing of homeless education resources separated by type of resource. Resources include articles and reports, books and chapters from child and young adult books, audiovisual materials, curricula and resource kits and legal sources.
Download the bibliography.

Homeless Youth and Sexual Exploitation: Research Findings and Practice Implications
Homeless youth surviving day-to-day on the streets are at constant risk of solicitation and sexual exploitation. Homeless youth are far more likely to be physically and sexually victimized than their peers who are housed, and they are more likely to experience repeated episodes of sexual assaults. This publication from the National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH) reviews the research and practice implications for community-based services.
Download the publication.

Homeless Youth Research Bibliography
This bibliography from the National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH) provides a comprehensive review of research literature on all issues related to youth homelessness. The survey, studies, and research included span over four decades and include a breadth of perspective and in-depth analysis. The research is organized by typological or categorical areas to help in the ease of review.
(NAEH Disclaimer: In publishing this bibliography, NAEH makes no judgment on the methodologies or quality of the research conducted, nor does it necessarily agree with all of the research findings presented in this review of research literature.)
Download the bibliography.

Residential Instability and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Children and Education Program: What We Know, Plus Gaps in Research
This report from the Urban Institute (UI) examines the McKinney-Vento homeless education program in the Washington metropolitan region. As part of the initiative, UI reviewed the literature on how residential instability affects academic outcomes among children; collected descriptive data on the extent of homelessness in the region's schools; and convened a group of local homeless education liaisons, state coordinators, and advocates to discuss local implementation of the program and types of data collected by program staff. This brief summarizes the literature and data collected during this reconnaissance and provides questions for future research on residential instability and the McKinney-Vento EHCY program.
Download the report.

School Success in Motion: Protective Factors for Academic Achievement in Homeless and Highly Mobile Children
This Summer 2008 article from the Center for Urban and Regional Affairs at the University of Minnesota examines protective factors and intervention methods that may promote school success among homeless and highly mobile students.
Download the article.

Toward Understanding Homelessness: The 2007 National Symposium on Homelessness Research
On March 12, 2007, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) sponsored the second National Symposium on Homelessness Research. This publication is a compendium of the 12 papers prepared for and presented at the Symposium. Among the papers' topics are homeless families and children, homeless youth, and rural homelessness.
Visit the webpage.

Voices from the Street: A Survey of Homeless Youth by Their Peers
In 2007, the California Research Bureau conducted a survey in which homeless and formerly homeless youth completed 208 interviews with their currently and formerly homeless peers across the state in order to find out about their experiences, the services they need, and the changes they would like to see happen in policy or law. This report presents the survey responses and findings.
Download the report.

Why They Run: An In-depth Look at America's Runaway Youth
This report and its accompanying resources from the National Runaway Switchboard provides new research that sheds light on the runaway problem in America and begins to fill in the gaps of what is already known and what can be done to prevent young people from running away.
Download the report.

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The National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) is the U.S. Department of Education's technical assistance center for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. NCHE is housed at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

This website was produced with funding from the U.S. Department of Education, on contract no. ED-01-CO-0092/0001. The content of this website does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education or the University of North Carolina at Greensboro; nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

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