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Transportation

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NCHE Resources

Increasing School Stability for Students Experiencing Homelessness: Overcoming Challenges to Providing Transportation to the School of Origin
This monograph reviews the provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act as related to the provision of transportation to the school of origin, and provides recommendations for implementing the transportation mandate. Recommendations are based on interviews with local homeless education liaisons and pupil transportation directors from eight school districts across the country. Sample district policies and documents are included.
Download the monograph body (without appendices).
Download the complete monograph (with appendices).

Transporting Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness
This brief, part of NCHE's Law Into Practice series, explains the provisions of Subtitle VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (reauthorized under Title X, Part C of the No Child Left Behind Act) related to the transportation of children and youth experiencing homelessness and offers strategies for implementing the law. Topics include: Transportation under the McKinney-Vento Act; Resources for Funding Transportation; Collaborating to Provide Transportation; Using Discretion and Sensitivity in Providing Transportation; and Strategies for Establishing a Transportation System.
Download the brief.

Transportation for Homeless Children and Youth: Strategies for Rural School Districts
This NCHE tip sheet highlights strategies for providing transportation for homeless students in rural areas provided by local homeless education liaisons, state coordinators for homeless education, and state pupil transportation directors.
Download the tip sheet.


Other Resources

National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services: Resolution to Support the Transportation of Homeless Children and Youth
The National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services (NASDPT) provides leadership, assistance, and motivation to the nation's school transportation industry with the goal of providing safe, efficient, economical, and high-quality transportation to school children on their trips to and from school and school-related activities. NASDPT passed a resolution in 2000 supporting the safe and efficient school transportation of homeless children and youth.
Download the resolution.

National Association of State Directors of Pupil Transportation Services: State Directors of Pupil Transportation National Contact List
Use the interactive map on this NASDPT webpage to locate pupil transportation contact information in your state.
Visit the webpage.

Six Strategies for Meeting Transportation Requirements
This article, published in the December 2003 edition of the No Child Left Behind Financial Compliance Insider, discusses the federal requirement for districts to provide transportation to the school of origin for homeless students. Six strategies for meeting this requirement are presented.
Download the article.


Sample Forms, Materials, and Policies

Indiana Code 20-27-12: Transportation of Homeless Students
This Indiana state law specifies how Indiana will transport its homeless students in accordance with the transportation requirements of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
View the policy.

Madison Metropolitan School District (MMSD): Parent Transportation Agreement
This transportation agreement explains MMSD's transportation policy to parents of students experiencing homelessness.
Download the agreement.

Missouri: Transitional Interdistrict Transportation Agreement
This interdistrict transportation agreement from the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education provides the guidelines by which the district of residence and district of origin will abide when the provision of interdistrict transportation is required by the McKinney-Vento Act.
Download the agreement.

Rock County Interdistrict Transportation Agreement
This interdistrict transportation agreement established by school districts in Rock County, Wisconsin, outlines the responsibilities of participating school districts for transporting McKinney-Vento eligible students to and from the school of origin in cases when the student resides in one district and attends school in another.
Download the agreement.

San Antonio Independent School District Transportation Brochure for Parents
This brochure, created by the Transitions Program of the San Antonio Independent School District (SAISD), explains the SAISD's transportation policy to parents of students experiencing homelessness. This bilingual brochure (English and Spanish/inglés y español) can be adapted for use in other school districts.
Download the brochure.

Spokane Public Schools District Transportation Agreement
This agreement, developed by HEART (Homeless Education & Resource Team) at Spokane Public Schools, outlines the district's transportation policy and guidelines for students experiencing homelessness. It requires the signature of the homeless student's parent or guardian or of the homeless unaccompanied youth.
Download the agreement.

Tacoma Public Schools (TPS) Parent/Guardian/Transportation Provider Mileage Reimbursement Contract
This contract explains TPS' policy on reimbursing parents of students experiencing homelessness (or other transportation providers) for providing transportation for the student to and from the school of origin.
Download the contract.

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The National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) is the U.S. Department of Education's technical assistance center for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. NCHE is housed at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

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